Adriana Fabra is an international lawyer specialised in environmental law and policy, with a particular emphasis on fisheries. She is an independent consultant, providing legal research and policy advice to non-governmental and international organizations. She is currently serving as RFMO compliance advisor to the International Fisheries project of the Pew Charitable Trusts. She has extensive experience on RFMOs, IUU fishing and international compliance in fisheries. She was senior advisor with Pew between 2006 and 2017; legal advisor to the governments of Honduras and of Ecuador in cases submitted to the International Court of Justice and adjunct professor of international law at the University of Barcelona. She has published articles on environmental, marine and human rights issues, and book chapters on the ocean in Sands and Peel, Principles of International Environmental Law (3rd and 4th editions) and in the Oxford Handbook of International Environmental Law (2nd edition).
Judge Hoffmann has been a member of the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea since 2005 and was re-elected in 2014. He is a former Vice-President of the Tribunal and also served as President of the Seabed Disputes Chamber. He is currently President of the Tribunal.
Prior to his election to the Tribunal, Judge Hoffmann served as Legal Adviser in the South African Ministry of Foreign Affairs and as Legal Counsellor of the South African Permanent Mission to the United Nations in New York. He represented South Africa at various international forums including the Meetings of States Parties to the United Nations Conventions on the Law of the Sea and the Assembly and Council of the International Seabed Authority. He was a member of the Authority’s Legal and Technical Commission and served as its Chairman from 2002 to 2005.
Alina MIRON is Professor of International Law at the University of Angers (France) and co-director of the Master of International and European Law. Her recent publications include “The Costs of International Justice; A Research on the Financial Aspects of Inter-State Disputes”; “Commentaries of Articles 62 and 63” in ICJ Statute. She wrote a study on “Archipelagic Waters” and has convened a series of conferences on France’s maritime boundaries and maritime activities. She is currently preparing an Atlas of France’s maritime boundaries and her research project ZOMAD/DAMOZ (Observatory of Practice in Disputed Maritime Zones) was awarded a Rising Star grant by the Region Pays de la Loire (France).
Pr Miron has also been Counsel and Advocate in a number of cases before the ICJ, the ITLOS and arbitral tribunals. Most recently, she appeared in Legal consequences of the separation of the Chagos Archipelago from Mauritius in 1965 (Request for Advisory Opinion), Maritime Delimitation in the Indian Ocean (Somalia v. Kenya), Delimitation of the Maritime Boundary between Ghana and Côte d'Ivoire in the Atlantic Ocean, Whaling in the Antarctic (Australia v. Japan), Temple of Preah Vihear (interpretation) and in the Land and Maritime Delimitation arbitration between Croatia and Slovenia.
Ben Juratowitch QC serves as counsel before international courts and tribunals in disputes between states, disputes between foreign investors and states, and disputes between commercial parties. He has been counsel for states, corporations, international organisations and individuals in disputes before the International Court of Justice, the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, the European Court of Human Rights and the Caribbean Court of Justice, as well as before arbitral tribunals and domestic courts. He advises States on a wide range of issues of international law including fisheries arrangements. His current cases before the International Court of Justice include Gabon v Equatorial Guinea (Land and Maritime Delimitation and Sovereignty over Islands) and Belize v Guatemala (Guatemala’s Territorial, Insular and Maritime Claim). His past cases concerning the law of the sea include Italy v India (The Enrica Lexie Incident) before an arbitral tribunal constituted by the Permanent Court of Arbitration and Peru v Chile (Maritime Dispute) before the International Court of Justice. His other past cases before the International Court of Justice include the Legal Consequences of the Separation of the Chagos Archipelago from Mauritius advisory opinion (for Belize) and Bolivia v Chile (Obligation to Negotiate Access to the Pacific Ocean). He teaches an annual course of seminars at the University of Paris V on international dispute resolution, has been a visiting fellow in the faculty of law at the London School of Economics, and holds a doctorate in law from the University of Oxford. His publications include ‘Individual Rights in Disputes between States’ (2021) 29 African Journal of International and Comparative Law 433, ‘Les réserves aux clauses restrictives’ (2018) 2 Revue générale de droit international public 329 and ‘Resolution of Disputes involving the Rights of Indigenous Peoples and Extraction of Natural Resources by Foreign Investors’ (2015) 108 Proceedings of the American Society of International Law 5.
Bjørn Kunoy is Professor of International Law at the University of Faroe Islands where he teaches public international law and international investment law. He has presided proceedings with the Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf, has acted as Agent and Counsel in Annex VII UNCLOS arbitral tribunal proceedings and advised in ITLOS proceedings and has also acted as counsel on public international law issues for various sovereign States. Bjørn is also Special Legal Counsel to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Culture of the Faroe Islands and advises also sovereign States on public international law.
Kunoy is widely published and his papers have been cited before both the ICJ and ITLOS and delivers regularly lectures at international law conferences. He is also Conciliator and Arbitrator under Annexes V and VII to the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea and is enrolled on the list of panelists of the South Pacific Regional Fisheries Management Organization and North Atlantic Fisheries Organization.
Blaise Kuemlangan is Chief of the Development Law Service (LEGN) of the Legal Office of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) specialising in international law and fisheries and aquaculture law.
As Chief, LEGN, Mr. Kuemlangan manages the delivery of FAO’s legal assistance to Member Nations in the areas of food and agriculture including natural resource management by undertaking legal research, making available legal information, providing direct legal advice on implementation of international binding and voluntary instruments including legislative drafting and undertaking legal capacity development.
He ensures that such assistance is provided in a multidisciplinary and participatory approach and that the advice provided is objective and tailor-made to the beneficiary country. He has provided assistance to countries in Africa, Asia and the Pacific, Central Asia and the Caucasus, Latin America and the Caribbean regions on enhancing fisheries laws and providing support in capacity building in legal aspects of fisheries management including monitoring, control and surveillance and enforcement.
Mr. Kuemlangan holds an LLB from the University of Papua New Guinea and an LLM in International and Comparative Law from the Chicago-Kent College of Law of the Illinois Institute of Technology. He has produced numerous articles and reports and contributed to publications in the area of fisheries and aquaculture law including contributions to three books in the area of fisheries management and Pacific development.
As Director of the Rules Division of the World Trade Organization, Clarisse Morgan is responsible for managing the WTO Secretariat's work on all issues relating to the following WTO Agreements: Agreement on Implementation of Article VI of GATT 1994 (Anti-Dumping Agreement); the Subsidies and Countervailing Measures Agreement; the Safeguards Agreement; the TRIMS Agreement; the Working Party on State Trading Enterprises; as well as the plurilateral Agreement on Civil Aircraft. This work also includes all matters relating to dispute settlement concerning these Agreements. In addition, all support services for the Rules Negotiating Group, the forum for the WTO's fisheries subsidies negotiations, are provided by the Rules Division.
Prior to joining the WTO Secretariat in February 1995, Ms Morgan was a consultant in private practice in Washington, DC. In that capacity, the principal focus of her work was trade remedies, and she also performed general trade and trade policy analysis, and worked on customs-related and competition matters.
Ms Morgan has been in the Rules Division during her entire time at the WTO Secretariat. Among other duties in the Division, she has served as Secretary to the Committees on Subsidies and Countervailing Measures, Anti-Dumping Practices, and Safeguards; she has been Deputy Secretary and Secretary to the Negotiating Group on Rules, particularly in respect of the fisheries subsidies negotiations; and she has served as an expert advisor to many dispute settlement panels. She also is the creator of the WTO's on-line anti-dumping training tool, i-trADe.
Ms Morgan holds a Bachelor of Science in Foreign Service from Georgetown University and an MBA from George Washington University.
Dr Constantinos Yiallourides is the Arthur Watts Research Fellow in Law of the Sea at the British Institute of International and Comparative Law (BIICL), London, where he leads the Institute's Watts Programme of research, training, and events in the law of the sea, energy, and natural resources law. He is also lecturer in international law at Macquarie University Law School and researcher at the Centre for Energy and Natural Resources Innovation & Transformation (CENRIT) at Macquarie University, Sydney. He has previously been lecturer at the University of Aberdeen, Scotland, where he now serves as honorary lecturer, a visiting scholar-in-residence at Waseda University Institute for Advanced Study, and post-doctoral researcher at the University of Tokyo, Graduate School of Law and Public Policy, Japan, where he conducted research on Japan's regulatory regime for deep-sea mining and its international ramifications.
Dr Yiallourides' research focuses on the law of territory, the law of the sea, environmental and natural resources law and the peaceful settlement of international disputes. His research has been funded by a variety of organisations, including the UK Arts & Humanities Research Council (AHRC), the British Academy, the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS), the UK Research & Innovation (UKRI), as well as private and third-sector organisations. He is the recipient of the International Law Association 2021 Scholarship Award, an award offered to selected young scholars with proven excellence in international law.
Dr Yiallourides has provided expert advice and training to governments, international organizations, and other entities on a broad set of issues of international law. His recent publications include, among others, 'The Use of Force in relation to Sovereignty Disputes over Land Territory' (BIICL Report 2018), 'Maritime Disputes and International Law: Disputed Waters and Seabed Resources in Asia and Europe' (Routledge Monograph 2019), 'Offshore Methane Hydrates in Japan: Prospects, Challenges and the Law' (BIICL Report 2020), ‘States’ Environmental Obligations in Disputed Maritime Areas’ (Comp.L.Y.B.Int'l Bus 2021), and ‘Maritime Boundaries and Cooperation over Straddling Seabed Resources in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea’ (Elgar Res. Handb. Oil & Gas Law, forthcoming 2022).
Dr Daniela Diz is an Associate Professor of International Ocean Governance at the Lyell Centre, Heriot-Watt University in the UK, and a member of the IUCN-Fisheries Expert Group. Daniela has over 20 years of experience in the field of environmental law and oceans governance. Her main research areas focus on the interface between the law of the sea and the international marine biodiversity law and policy, with a particular emphasis on the law-making and implementation of the ecosystem approach, area-based management tools and environmental assessments. She regularly participates as an expert at UN meetings related to the law of the sea, marine biodiversity and fisheries, and conducts policy and legal studies related to marine biodiversity conservation and sustainable use to UN agencies, government institutions and civil society.
Dita joins NUS Centre for International Law as a Research Associate. She obtained her law degrees from Universitas Indonesia and the University of Washington in 2014 and 2017, respectively. The latter was completed under the sponsorship of the Fulbright program. In 2018, she was awarded special recognition as the Best Oralist of the IFLOS Moot Court Competition at the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea. Her current research focuses on passage through Indonesian waters, IUU fishing, and regional ocean governance in Southeast Asia. Prior to her current position, she taught Public International Law, Law of the Sea, and Law of Treaties in Universitas Indonesia, and did some short stints at law firms in Jakarta and Bangkok. She had also advised the Indonesian Government and private entities primarily on ocean issues, and carried out extensive field researches in numerous locations in Indonesia.
Erik J. Molenaar has been with the Netherlands Institute for the Law of the Sea (NILOS) at Utrecht University since 1994 and currently holds the position of Deputy Director. After having completed his PhD on ‘Coastal State Jurisdiction over Vessel-Source Pollution’ (1998), he broadened his research field with international fisheries law and the international law relating to the Arctic and the Antarctic. He has a large number of publications (> 100) - as author or editor - ; has participated in various diplomatic conferences and other intergovernmental meetings - including the annual meetings of several regional fisheries management organizations - on various delegations; and has been involved in international litigation as well as a large number of consultancies.
Eva is a postdoctoral researcher in law at the University of Oxford, where she contributes to the Oxford Martin Programme on the Future of Plastics. She obtained her PhD in law from UiT The Arctic University of Norway, where she worked at the former K. G. Jebsen Centre (now, Norwegian Centre) for the Law of the Sea. Her thesis looked at 'market conditionality' in fisheries, with a focus on the EU IUU Regulation. Following this, she joined the European Commission (DG MARE) in Brussels, working on various law of the sea and fisheries related matters, before taking up her current post in Oxford.
Eve de Coning (LLB, LLM (shipping law and law of the sea)) is a specialist director with the Norwegian Ministry of Trade, Industry and Fisheries and a trained crime intelligence analyst. Her area of expertise is the prevention of fisheries crime both nationally and internationally and she has worked on these issues in different capacities with INTERPOL, UNODC, ILO, the Norwegian Criminal Investigation Services (NCIS-Norway) and the Norwegian National Authority for Investigation and Prosecution of Economic and Environmental Crime (Økokrim). She helped establish and chaired the INTERPOL Fisheries Crime Working Group and is the author of several reports and academic articles on IUU fishing, fisheries crime and crime prevention.
Fernanda Millicay is a career diplomat of Argentina.
She has a Law degree from the University of Buenos Aires with a specialization in public international law (1991).
She joined the Foreign Service in 1995. After her two-year training at Argentina’s Foreign Service Institute, she joined the Legal Office.
From 2002 to 2008, she worked at the Multilateral Economic Negotiations Department and at the Antarctica Department.
Her career led her to specialize in law of the sea, fisheries subsidies, Antarctica and other related issues.
In 2003, she was awarded the Hamilton Shirley Amerasinghe Memorial Fellowship on the Law of the Sea, and her work "A legal regime for the biodiversity of the Area" was published in 2007.
From 2008 to 2015, she was legal adviser at the Permanent Mission of Argentina to the United Nations with a desk that included general international law, law of the sea and fisheries. In 2011, during Argentina’s Chairmainship of the Group, she was Chair of the G77 and China for Oceans and Law of the Sea at the United Nations. In 2013-2014, she was legal adviser to the delegation of Argentina to the Security Council, covering all international law issues.
From 2016 to 2019 she was National Director for the Antarctic (Argentina’s National Antarctic Program).
Currently, she is Minister First Class at Argentina’s Embassy to the United Kingdom.
She has several publications on law of the sea issues.
Iain Sandford is a partner in Sidley Austin’s Global Arbitration, Trade and Advocacy team. He helps commercial stakeholders and governments develop and deploy winning strategies for resolving complex disputes. Iain has particular depth of experience in international economic disputes. He is familiar with a wide range of techniques and forums for addressing disputes, having served variously as counsel, adjudicator and mediator.
In his 25-year career, Iain has lived and worked in New Zealand, Canada, Australia, and Switzerland. He has a strong practical knowledge of public international law and, as a public servant in New Zealand early in his career, was counsel to teams negotiating bilateral investment treaties, and negotiating and implementing a diverse range of intergovernmental agreements and arrangements. He has undertaken law reform and other consulting projects for intergovernmental organizations including the Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Secretariat, the Organization of Eastern Caribbean States, and the Gulf Cooperation Council.
Examples of Iain’s work include:
- Leading a Sidley team to achieve an important win for Brazil's sugar industry before a WTO panel considering Indian agricultural support to sugarcane farmers and export subsidies for sugar. India and Brazil are the world’s biggest sugar producers, and Brazil’s complaint was joined by Australia and Guatemala, making this a case that defines the “rules of the road” for global sugar trade. Appeal proceedings continue while the parties work towards a positive solution.
- Bringing a landmark dispute for Qatar and its commercial stakeholder beIN Media Group against Saudi Arabia in connection with the activities of beoutQ, reportedly the world’s worst ever case of broadcast piracy. Sidley developed an innovative strategy that coupled WTO and investment proceedings. To date, the proceedings have led to the shutting down of the pirate, with proceedings aimed at compensation continuing.
- Helping Denmark in respect of the Faroe Islands to secure withdrawal of EU sanctions imposed in connection with a fisheries dispute concerning Atlanto-Scandian herring. Sidley supported the Faroe Islands in pursuing a strategy involving parallel litigation under the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea and in the WTO.
- Helping Norway challenge discriminatory EU measures that regulated trade in seal products and negatively impacted Norway’s ability to manage its living marine resources.
Iain is strongly committed to Sidley’s pro bono activities. He is co-leader of the firm’s Emerging Enterprises Pro Bono Program and Trade for Development Initiative, and regularly works with teams delivering services under those programs.
Full Professor of International Law, Department of Political Sciences, University of Campania “Luigi Vanvitelli” since 2005; judge of the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea since 1 October 2020. Member of the Permanent Court of Arbitration and vice Arbitrator at the OSCE Court of Arbitration and Conciliation. Legal Expert of the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs (1994-2020); Member of the Italian delegation for several multilateral and bilateral negotiations. Counsel of Italy in cases before the International Court of Justice, the EU Court of Justice, the ITLOS, the European Court of Human Rights (1994-2020). Ad hoc judge in the European Court of Human Rights (2016-2020). Visiting Professor at different foreign universities. Member of various scientific societies and scientific boards of several scientific reviews and book series. Author of numerous publications in Italian, English and French on Public International Law, the Law of the Sea and Human Rights Law.
James HARRISON is Professor of Environmental Law at the University of Edinburgh School of Law. He holds a PhD in international law from the University of Edinburgh. He sits on the editorial board of the Journal of Environmental Law as international law annual case review editor and he is book review editor for the International Journal of Marine and Coastal Law. His research interests cover international law of the sea and environmental regulation and governance. He has published widely in these areas, including two monographs: Making the Law of the Sea (Cambridge University Press 2011) and Saving the Oceans through Law (Oxford University Press 2017). His current research focuses on dispute settlement in the international law of the sea as well as the protection of the marine environment and fisheries management at the international, national and sub-national levels. He has worked on behalf of a number of governments in international litigation and he regularly provides consultancy and training to international organisations and non-governmental organisations.
Dr. Scient. from University of Bergen, Norway in 2000. Jan Arge Jacobsen is Director of the Pelagic Fisheries Department at the Faroese Marine Research Institute. His work covers a wide range of scientific domains, including pelagic stocks in the Northeast Atlantic and their distribution, assessment, and trophic relations. Furthermore he has been involved in the fisheries management of the large pelagic fish stocks complex in the high seas. He has been a scientific advisor for the Ministry of Fisheries of the Faroe Islands in bilateral and international fisheries negotiations for more than 30 years, and is part of the scientific advisory committee under the Faroese Fishery Ministry. Jan Arge has more than 30 peer reviewed publications in international journals since 2000.
Senior Fellow at the Institute of International Economic Law at Georgetown University Law Center
Kathleen Claussen is Associate Professor at the University of Miami School of Law and Senior Fellow at the Institute of International Economic Law at Georgetown University Law Center. Prior to joining the Miami Law faculty in 2017, she was Associate General Counsel at the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative in the Executive Office of the President. There, she represented the United States in trade dispute proceedings and served as a legal advisor for the United States in international trade negotiations. She serves in various leadership capacities for international law organizations, including as a member of the Executive Council of the American Society of International Law (ASIL) and as co-chair of the ASIL International Economic Law Interest Group. Earlier in her career, Professor Claussen was Legal Counsel at the Permanent Court of Arbitration in The Hague where she advised on disputes between countries, and on investment and commercial arbitrations involving countries and international organizations. She is a graduate of the Yale Law School, Queen’s University Belfast where she was a Mitchell Scholar, and Indiana University where she was a Wells Scholar.
Kentaro Nishimoto is Professor of International Law at the School of Law, Tohoku University, Japan. He is responsible for the English-taught LL.M. program on the law of the sea at the School of Law at Tohoku University. He received his Ph.D. in Law from the University of Tokyo with the thesis “Territoriality and Functionality in the Historical Evolution of the Law of the Sea.” His research focuses on the international law of the sea, including issues such as the history of the law of the sea, sustainable development of ocean resources and the settlement of maritime disputes. He is an advisor to the Japanese delegation to the intergovernmental conference on marine biodiversity of areas beyond national jurisdiction (BBNJ), and a member of the Advisory Committee on the Extension of the Continental Shelf established under the Headquarters for Ocean Policy of Japan.
Professor Malgosia Fitzmaurice holds a chair of public international law at the Department of Law, Queen Mary University of London (QMUL). She specialises in international environmental law; the law of treaties; and indigenous peoples. She publishes widely on these subjects.
Her latest publications are a monograph Whaling and International Law, Cambridge University Press, 2015 and (co-edited with Dai Tamada) Whaling in Antarctic: Significance and Implications of the ICJ Judgment, Brill/ Nijhoff, 2016.
She has delivered a lecture on the International Protection of the Environment at the The Hague Academy of International Law. Professor Fitzmaurice was invited as a Visiting Professor to and lectured at various universities, such Berkeley Law School; University of Kobe; Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris I). Professor Fitzmaurice teaches undergraduate and LLM modules in international environmental law and the law of treaties.
She is Editor in Chief of International Community Law Review journal and of the book series published by Brill/Nijhoff Queen Mary Studies in International Law.
She has also advised on the law of treaties and served as an expert in her areas of expertise. In 2019, she was elected to Institut de Droit International . In 2020 her book (with Panos Merkouris) in Treaties in Motion: Evolution of Tresties from Formation to Termination will be published by Cambridge University Press.
Judge Maurice Kamga holds a Bachelor’s Degree in Public Law (with honours), University of Yaoundé, Cameroon (1989); Master’s Degree in Public Law (with honours), University of Yaoundé, Cameroon (1990); Master’s Degree in International Relations (with honours), International Relations Institute of Cameroon (1991); LLM in Public Law (with honours), University of Yaoundé, Cameroon (1991); PhD in International Relations (specialisation in Diplomacy) (cum laude), International Relations Institute of Cameroon (1994); Certificate of Participation, The Hague Academy of International Law (1996, 2003, 2005); Diplôme d’études supérieures in International Relations (specialisation in International Law), Graduate Institute of International Studies, Geneva, Switzerland (1997); PhD in International Law (specialisation in International Law of the Sea) (summa cum laude), Graduate Institute of International Studies, Geneva, Switzerland (2003); Habilitation à diriger des recherches in Public Law, University Paris Nanterre, France (2017).
Dr Meagan Wong is a Lecturer in Law (Assistant Professor) at the School of Law, University of Essex, and the Founding Director of the LLM in International Law postgraduate degree. She is a generalist public international lawyer and has advised States on a broad set of issues of international law. She has been invited to speak to senior navy and government officials on various aspects of law of the sea. Dr Wong holds a PhD in Public International Law from Leiden University and is the author of a forthcoming monograph with Cambridge University Press, entitled Responsibility of States and Individuals: Aggression at the International Criminal Court. She has also published on canonical aspects of generalist public international law and specialist subfields of international law in peer-reviewed journals including International and Comparative Law Quarterly, Max Planck Yearbook of United Nations Law, Chinese Journal of International law, and International Community Law Review. She is also a co-author of a Cases & Materials in International Environmental Law book (EE) with Malgosia Fitzmaurice and Joseph Crampin. Dr Wong is the co-founder and co-convenor of the Essex Public International Law Lecture Series at the School of Law, University of Essex.
Meggan Engelke-Ros is the Deputy Chief of the NOAA Office of General Counsel Enforcement Section, the office responsible for the civil administrative enforcement of US marine resource laws. In addition to prosecuting cases, Meggan has served on numerous US delegations to RFMOs and other multilateral meetings, including CCAMLR (where she currently serves as Chair of the Standing Committee on Implementation and Compliance), and the technical consultations for the Port State Measures Agreement and the Voluntary Guidelines on Flag State Responsibility. She recently participated in the experts’ consultation on Voluntary Guidelines for Transhipment.
Mercedes has a special interest in the regulation of marine fisheries. Her research interests include international legal frameworks for fisheries regulation, the role of international law in ensuring non-traditional security objectives, and the practice of States and regional organisations in the establishment of international standards for transboundary fisheries governance.
Osvaldo Urrutia is a Legal adviser, Government of Chile, and Centro de Derecho del Mar, PUCV (Chile) He has been a legal and policy adviser on international fisheries and oceans affairs at the Chilean Government for over 10 years. In this capacity he has been involved in the work of several international and regional organisations related to marine living resources, including the UN General Assembly, the FAO, CCAMLR and SPRFMO. He is currently the Chairperson of the Commission at the South Pacific Regional Fisheries Management Organisation, serving this position while based in Wellington.
Sam Wordsworth specialises in public international law and international arbitration. He is regularly instructed by Governments in international cases and has appeared before numerous international tribunals including the International Court of Justice and Tribunals constituted with respect to the Law of the Sea. He is a Visiting Professor teaching investment arbitration at Kings College, London and is regularly instructed as counsel in investment treaty disputes (he also sits as arbitrator in a limited number of disputes).
Notable cases as counsel that are in the public domain include: before the ICJ, the Ukraine v Russia case concerning alleged financing of terrorism and racial discrimination in Crimea (for Russia); the Iran v USA cases concerning Alleged violations of the 1955 Treaty of Amity and Certain Iranian Assets (for Iran); the request for an Advisory Opinion concerning the decolonisation of Mauritius (for the UK); the Bolivia v Chile case concerning the obligation to negotiate access to the Pacific Ocean (for Chile) and the Chile v Bolivia case concerning the Silala river (for Chile); Guatemala’s Territorial, Insular and Maritime Claim (for Belize); the Peru v Chile and Costa Rica v Nicaragua maritime boundary cases (for Chile, for Costa Rica); the cases concerning Certain Activities and the Road (for Costa Rica); Advisory Opinion concerning the Kosovo case (for the UK); the Diallo case (for Guinea); before the ITLOS and ad hoc tribunals, the Ukraine v Russia cases concerning Coastal State rights in the Black Sea and Detention of Naval Vessels (for Russia); the Mox plant case (for the UK), the Chagos Islands case Mauritius v UK (for the UK), the Kishenganga case (for Pakistan); before the Iran-US Claims Tribunal, Case A15 concerning Iranian property in the USA (for Iran); the European Court of Human Rights, Al-Skeini v UK, Al-Jedda v UK and Hassan v UK (for the UK), the Nada and Al Dulimi cases (for the UK); before the UK Supreme Court Serdar Mohammed (concerning legality of UK detention operations in Afghanistan), Belhaj (concerning alleged complicity of the UK in torture); before the Singapore courts: Swissbourgh Diamond Mines and others v Kingdom of Lesotho (for Lesotho).
Sean D. Murphy is the Manatt/Ahn Professor of International Law at George Washington University and is a Member of the U.N. International Law Commission. From 1987 to 1995, he worked in the U.S. Department of State Office of the Legal Adviser, primarily advising on matters relating to oceans and international environmental law, international humanitarian law, and international claims. From 1995 to 1998, Professor Murphy was the Legal Counselor for the U.S. Embassy in The Hague, arguing several cases before the International Court of Justice, representing the U.S. government in matters before the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia, and serving as U.S. agent to the Iran-U.S. Claims Tribunal. Since entering academia, Professor Murphy has represented several countries in international courts and tribunals, and has served as an arbitrator or ad hoc judge in inter-State and investor-State cases, including at the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea. A former President of the American Society of International Law, Professor Murphy has published numerous books and articles on international law, including his 2016 Hague Academy lectures on International Law relating to Islands, and served for ten years on the Board of Editors of the American Journal of International Law.
The responsibilities of Stefán Ásmundsson are mainly regarding international fisheries and the law of the sea. He started working for the Icelandic Ministry of fisheries after graduating with an LLM in International Law and International Relations from Lancaster University, UK, in 1998. He moved to his current position in the Ministry for Foreign Affairs earlier this year. He is currently Iceland’s Head of Delegation to several international organisations and consultation processes. He has also served in positions outside the Icelandic government, including being the Executive Secretary of NEAFC, the regional fisheries management organisation for the NE-Atlantic (2011-2017) and a Policy Officer in the European Commission, working on the EU’s Common Fisheries Policy (2009-2011). He has also worked for the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the UN on issues relating to IUU Fishing and been an invited participant in several expert meetings organised by the FAO. He has given numerous presentations and lectures on international fisheries management and the law of the sea.
Tomas Heidar has been Judge of the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (ITLOS) since 2014. He is Vice-President of the Tribunal and was President of the ITLOS Chamber for Fisheries Disputes 2017-2020. He is a Member of the ITLOS Special Chamber in the Dispute concerning delimitation of the maritime boundary between Mauritius and Maldives in the Indian Ocean (Mauritius/Maldives).
From 1996-2014, he served as Legal Adviser of the Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Iceland, attaining the rank of Ambassador. As such he was responsible for all matters of public international law and represented Iceland regularly at meetings on oceans and the law of the sea at the United Nations and in other international fora.
Tomas Heidar is furthermore Director of the Law of the Sea Institute of Iceland and Co-Director and Lecturer of the Rhodes Academy of Oceans Law and Policy. He is also Lecturer at the University of Iceland and many other universities and academic institutions around the world.
He has published numerous books and articles on ocean affairs and the law of the sea, most recently New Knowledge and Changing Circumstances in the Law of the Sea (ed., Brill Nijhoff, 2020) and “The Contribution of the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea to the Protection of the Marine Environment” in the Korean Journal of International and Comparative Law 9 (2021). He is also Conciliator and Arbitrator under Annexes V and VII to the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea.
Professor Henriksen has been with the UiT Arctic University of Arctic since 1996 and is presently the director of NCLOS. He has researched and published within law of the sea and international environmental law, including on international fisheries law.
Dr. Valentin Schatz is a research associate and post-doctoral researcher at the Institute for the Law of the Sea and for Maritime Law and at the Chair of International Law of the Sea and International Environmental Law, Public International Law and Public Law of Professor Alexander Proelß. His main research interests include the International, European and German Law of the Sea, International, European and German Environmental Law and International Dispute Settlement.
Valerie Hughes is Senior Counsel with Bennett Jones LLP and Adjunct Assistant Professor of Law at Queen’s University in Canada. She spent 22 years with the Government of Canada in various positions, including Assistant Deputy Minister, Law Branch at Finance Canada, Director and General Counsel of the Trade Law Bureau at Foreign Affairs and International Trade (now Global Affairs Canada), and Senior Counsel in the International Law Section at Justice Canada. Valerie has represented Canada before WTO panels, the WTO Appellate Body, and a NAFTA investor-State arbitration. She was a member of Canada’s legal teams in the Gulf of Maine maritime boundary case before the ICJ, the Canada-France Maritime Boundary arbitration, and the La Bretagne fisheries dispute. Valerie worked in the World Trade Organization in Geneva, serving as Director of the Legal Affairs Division (2010-2016) and of the Appellate Body Secretariat (2001-2005). She served as a WTO panelist in two disputes and is on the NAFTA Chapter 19 roster as well as the roster of Panel Chairs for the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP). Valerie has written extensively about WTO dispute settlement.
Ximena Hinrichs currently holds the position of Registrar of the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea. Prior to this role, she served as Deputy Registrar, Senior Legal Officer / Head of Legal Office and Legal Officer of the Tribunal. Previously, she worked for the Legal Office of the International Maritime Organization.
Ms Hinrichs holds a Law degree, School of Law and Social Sciences, University of Concepción (1988); Lawyer (Abogado, 1989); Magistra Legum (LL.M.), University of Hamburg (1991); Doctor iuris, University of Hamburg (PhD, 1996).
She has been lecturer for law of the sea at the Hamburg University of Applied Sciences (2001-2005), HafenCity University (2006-present), University of Bremen (ISATEC programme, 2008-present), International Maritime Law Institute (academic year 2010/2011), Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel (Walther-Schücking-Institut für Internationales Recht (2016), Summer School, Jean Monnet Module, European Union and the Law of the Sea (2015-present), Summer Academy, International Foundation for the Law of the Sea (2018, 2019); World Maritime University (Law of the Sea Course 3/2019).
She has written articles and reports on international law and law of the sea.
Yoshifumi Tanaka is Professor of International Law with specific focus on the law of the sea, at the Faculty of Law, University of Copenhagen, Denmark. He holds a DES and a PhD from the Graduate Institute of International Studies, Geneva (currently the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva) and a LLM from Hitotsubashi University, Tokyo. He is the single author of five books, i.e. Predictability and Flexibility in the Law of Maritime Delimitation (Hart Publishing 2006; 2nd edn 2019), A Dual Approach to Ocean Governance: The Cases of Zonal and Integrated Management in International Law of the Sea (Ashgate 2008), The International Law of the Sea (1st edition, Cambridge University Press 2012; 3rd edn 2019; 4th edn forthcoming), The Peaceful Settlement of International Disputes (Cambridge University Press 2018), and The South China Sea Arbitration: Toward an International Legal Order in the Oceans (Hart Publishing, 2019). He has published widely in the fields of the law of the sea, international environmental law and peaceful settlement of international disputes.
Young Kil Park is director at the law of the sea research center at Korea Maritime Institute. In 2018 he served as a visiting scholar at Stockton Center for International Law, Naval War College and RI Transportation Research Center, University of Rhode Island in 2018. His academic interests cover the law of the sea, maritime security law, Arctic governance, and legal issues on North Korea. His publications include “The complex legal status of the Current Fishing Pattern Zone in the East China Sea”, in 81 Marine Policy Vol.81 (2017) (co-author) and Republic of Korea v. Araye: Korean Supreme Court Decision on Universal Jurisdiction over Somali Pirates, 106 American Journal of International Law (2012) (co-author).